A long time ago, a barley farmer who wanted new sickles could visit the village ironsmith and pick whatever he wanted and pay in proportionate to the amount of barley. The system was called the barter system. Bartering was an acceptable practice. Up until the introduction of money or a coinage system as the new common denominator in any transaction of commerce.

From day one of commerce, the consumers have always sought out the vendors with the best price. The rules were simple. Best price, best quality, and adherence to market rules. Such vendors can be predicted to be the most successful.

Current Landscape of Commerce

Fast forward to the present times the factors for generating maximum business have drastically changed. The business capable of delivering its services the quickest without compromising on quality and pricing would win the business battle. There is a fast-evolving new category of commerce, a sub-set of the very popular and well-known E-Commerce sector.

And that, is Q-Commerce A.K.A. Quick Commerce.

As the name suggests, Quick Commerce is nothing but the next stage of E-commerce or M-Commerce where the entire trade of products depends on the speed of delivery. How fast a business can deliver (now it’s a matter of minutes) is more important than anything else.

With the rising demand for doorstep delivery of essential goods due to the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic, this is a sector that has witnessed an explosion in terms of organic business growth.

All major industries ranging from hospitality to manufacturing have had a bad business year due to COVID. However, businesses that have been leveraging Q-Commerce remain relatively unscathed by the fallout from the pandemic.

That being said, the current situation in tandem with the relentless pursuit of digitalization makes now a good time to explain what Q-Commerce is. On one of its blog, the delivery giant Delivery Hero explains it perfectly.

Source: Delivery Hero

A history of transformation of Commerce

The first generation of consumer-facing commerce had probably begun when Sam Walton introduced Walmart and the concept of ‘supermarket’ in 1962. It was a large institution with plenty of floor space full of varied products that customers could choose. And with a structured checkout system towards the exit of the store. Spending hours in such a store was socially acceptable and often seen as the equivalent of family time.

But things change pretty fast in this world. With the arrival of the internet in 1991, various internet-based firms offered their products and services over the internet. There were initial doubts that why would a consumer prefer to buy a product without actual physical verification. The statement looks weird in retrospect but it’s true.

However, regulations and processes set by these e-commerce giants gradually gave the masses the confidence to transact. Which in turn, enabled the growth of E-Commerce. In addition to this, online stores were able to price their offerings very competitively. Obviously due to their slimmer overheads in terms of customer-facing stores, offline marketing, and so forth.

This meant a competitive space wherein multiple firms made overtures to gain a footing. But only the E-Commerce firms that were able to deliver on their promises and customer demands survived. Before we get into the specifics about Q-Commerce, it would be interesting to see a brief history of E-commerce

Source: IWD Agency

Q-Commerce’s Genesis

Coming to Q-Commerce, it is a term that has only gained traction in recent years. And to put simply, it leverages the growing omnipresence of the internet to offer services and goods to customers in a QUICK manner.

Q-Commerce’s operating principle is not very different from what Richard and Maurice McDonald had pioneered when they began the now world-famous McDonald’s chain of fast-food restaurants in 1940. A restaurant with a very selective range of products that would be ready within a few minutes of order placement.

Q-Commerce too offers a very curated range of products and promises to deliver within the least possible duration. Another interesting aspect of Q-Commerce is the relative ease with which businesses can set themselves up. The lack of large overheads often transcribes into the possibility of even SMEs entering this market and growing their business.

Read: How Mumbai Dabbawalas became a case in point in the supply chain?

Q-Commerce’s Growing Market Share

The increasing market share of Q-Commerce based businesses is evident all around us. From the increasing number of e-commerce fulfillment centers to the rising number of regional food and beverage aggregator services. We are fast approaching a point wherein traditional brick and mortar stores would have to diversify their streams of businesses to ensure top-line stability.

Concepts such as a ‘discounted section’, ‘check-out-counters’, ‘self-service’ enabled the growth of the 1st generation of commerce. And the concepts of ‘Just-In-Time shipping’, ‘Drop Shipping’, ‘Remote Fulfilment’ did the same for E-Commerce.

In the case of Q-Commerce, it would be digitalization concepts such as ‘delivery of goods by drones’, ‘machine learning’, and ‘Internet-Of-Things’. Companies have already started to explore these options.

Source: Uber

Q-Commerce’s Future

The future of Q-Commerce looks bright for all the right reasons. Ranging from the delivery of casual items like food to ultra special items like cars. Q-commerce is spreading rapidly irrespective of the market or product segment. All of the above would enable Q-Commerce to change the entire landscape of commercial consumerism rapidly and permanently.

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Aftab Kalappatt is an engineer with a passion for words. He loves to read and considers geopolitics, motorsports, economics, consumer-producer relationships and the policies and strategies in play at delivering services as his key fields of interest.

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