Before we dive deep into the PESTEL analysis, let’s get the business overview of Adidas. Adidas is a global sports apparel and footwear company founded in Herzogenaurach, Germany, in 1949 by Adolf “Adi” Dassler. 

Adidas is one of the world’s leading sports brands, offering a wide range of products, including shoes, clothing, and accessories for various sports and activities such as running, soccer, basketball, golf, and training.

Adidas operates under a multi-brand strategy, with several brands in its portfolio:

  1. Adidas: The core brand is known for its performance and sports-inspired products.
  2. Adidas Golf: This brand focuses on golf apparel, footwear, and accessories.
  3. Runtastic: A mobile fitness company acquired in 2015, offering fitness tracking apps and services.

Adidas operates through a global network, selling its products in over 160 countries. The company has a combination of owned-retail stores, e-commerce platforms, and third-party retail partnerships, providing a solid distribution network to reach its customers. Adidas has also built a strong presence on social media and collaborates with various celebrities and sports icons to promote its products.

The company’s mission is to become the best sports company in the world by adhering to a strategic framework called “Creating the New.” This framework is built on three pillars:

  1. Speed: Accelerating processes and decision-making to become more agile and responsive to consumer needs.
  2. Cities: Focusing on key cities like New York, Los Angeles, London, Paris, Shanghai, and Tokyo, which influence global trends.
  3. Open Source: Collaborating with consumers, athletes, and partners to create innovative products and experiences.

Adidas is committed to sustainability and strives to minimize its environmental impact by using recycled materials, reducing carbon emissions, and promoting fair labor practices in its supply chain.

Financial Performance FY23: On a currency-neutral basis, revenues in 2023 were flat compared to the prior year. In euro terms, revenues declined 5% to € 21,427 million from € 22,511 million in 2022.

Three Stripes Business Model of Adidas

Here is the PESTEL analysis of Adidas

A PESTEL analysis is a strategic management framework used to examine the external macro-environmental factors that can impact an organization or industry. The acronym PESTEL stands for:

  1. Political factors: Relate to government policies, regulations, political stability, and other political forces that may impact the business environment. 
  2. Economic factors: Deal with economic conditions and trends affecting an organization’s operations, profitability, and growth. 
  3. Sociocultural factors: Relate to social and cultural aspects that may influence consumer preferences, lifestyles, demographics, and market trends.
  4. Technological factors: Deal with developing and applying new technologies, innovations, and trends that can impact an industry or organization. 
  5. Environmental factors: Relate to ecological and environmental concerns that may affect an organization’s operations and decision-making.
  6. Legal factors: Refer to the laws and regulations that govern businesses and industries. 

In this article, we will do a PESTEL Analysis of Adidas.

PESTEL Analysis Framework: Explained with Examples


  1. International Trade Policies: As a multinational company, Adidas is significantly influenced by international trade policies. Changes in tariffs, import/export regulations, and free trade agreements between countries can impact Adidas’ supply chain, production costs, and overall competitiveness. Adidas must constantly monitor and adapt to these changes to maintain its market position.
  2. Political Stability: Political stability is crucial for a global brand like Adidas. Unrest or instability in countries where Adidas operates or sources its materials can disrupt supply chains, affect manufacturing processes, and threaten the brand’s reputation. Adidas must be vigilant in monitoring political situations in such regions and develop contingency plans to ensure uninterrupted operations.
  3. Government Regulations: Adidas is subject to various government regulations and policies, such as labor laws, taxation, and safety standards in different countries. Compliance with these regulations is essential for the company to maintain a positive brand image and avoid legal penalties. Adidas needs to stay informed about changes in regulations and adapt accordingly.
  4. Lobbying and Political Influence: Like many large corporations, Adidas may engage in lobbying and other efforts to influence political decisions that can impact its business. By doing so, the company can help shape policies and regulations in ways that are favorable to its interests.
  5. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): Political pressure on companies to be more socially responsible has grown in recent years. Adidas is expected to operate ethically, ensuring fair labor practices, environmental sustainability, and community engagement. CSR initiatives can enhance Adidas’ brand image and reputation while addressing potential political risks.


  1. Global Economic Growth: The overall health of the global economy influences consumer spending and demand for Adidas products. During periods of economic growth, consumer confidence tends to be higher, leading to increased spending on discretionary items such as sportswear and athletic shoes. Conversely, consumers may prioritize essential items during economic downturns, decreasing demand for Adidas products.
  2. Exchange Rates: As a multinational corporation, Adidas is exposed to fluctuations in currency exchange rates. The company sources raw materials operates manufacturing facilities, and sells its products in multiple countries, making it vulnerable to currency risks. Changes in exchange rates can impact Adidas’ costs, revenue, and profitability. The company must employ effective strategies to manage and mitigate these risks.
  3. Inflation and Interest Rates: Inflation and interest rates can impact consumer spending and borrowing costs. High inflation rates erode consumers’ purchasing power, which may lead to lower demand for Adidas products. Similarly, high-interest rates can increase the cost of borrowing for both consumers and the company, affecting overall spending and investments. Adidas must closely monitor these factors and adjust its pricing and investment strategies accordingly.
  4. Employment and Income Levels: Employment levels and disposable income directly influence consumer spending habits. When employment is high, and incomes are rising, consumers are more likely to spend on non-essential items such as sportswear and footwear. In contrast, high unemployment rates and stagnant or declining incomes can lead to reduced spending on Adidas products. The company must remain aware of these trends and adapt its marketing and pricing strategies accordingly.
  5. Market Competition: Adidas operates in a highly competitive market, with several major players such as Nike, Puma, and Under Armour vying for market share. Economic factors such as pricing, product innovation, and marketing strategies play a critical role in determining the competitiveness of these brands. Adidas must continually monitor its competitors and market trends to maintain and grow its market share.


  1. Changing Consumer Preferences: Consumer tastes and preferences evolve, and Adidas must stay abreast of these trends to create products that meet consumer expectations. This includes adapting to preferences for specific styles, materials, and designs and the growing demand for sustainable and eco-friendly products.
  2. Health and Wellness Trends: The increasing focus on health, wellness, and physical fitness has led to a rise in demand for sportswear, athletic footwear, and sports equipment. Adidas can benefit from this trend by offering innovative products that cater to the needs of fitness enthusiasts and health-conscious consumers.
  3. Demographics: Age distribution, population growth, and urbanization can all affect Adidas’ target market and consumer demand. Understanding demographic trends allows Adidas to develop products and marketing strategies tailored to specific age groups, regions, and consumer segments.
  4. Cultural Diversity: Adidas operates in diverse cultural environments as a global brand. The company must understand and respect its consumers’ cultural differences and values in various regions. This includes acknowledging local customs, traditions, and preferences when designing products and implementing marketing campaigns.
  5. Lifestyle Trends: The growing popularity of casual and athleisure wear has benefited Adidas as consumers increasingly seek comfortable and stylish clothing for everyday use. Keeping up with these trends and offering products that align with consumers’ lifestyle preferences can help Adidas maintain its appeal and market share.
  6. Social Issues and Awareness: Consumers are becoming more socially conscious and expect brands to address social issues such as fair labor practices, human rights, and gender equality. Adidas must ensure that its operations and supply chain adhere to ethical standards, and the company should actively engage in initiatives that promote social responsibility and positive change.


  1. Product Innovation: Continuous materials, design, and functionality innovation drive the sportswear and footwear industry. Adidas must invest in research and development (R&D) to create cutting-edge products that meet consumers’ evolving needs, such as lightweight materials, advanced cushioning systems, and performance-enhancing features.
  2. Manufacturing Technologies: Adopting advanced manufacturing technologies, such as automation, robotics, and 3D printing, can improve Adidas’ production efficiency, reduce costs, and enable greater customization. By embracing these technologies, the company can streamline its supply chain and enhance its competitiveness.
  3. E-commerce and Digital Marketing: The growth of e-commerce and digital channels has transformed how consumers shop for sportswear and footwear. Adidas must invest in a robust online presence, user-friendly e-commerce platforms, and effective digital marketing strategies to reach and engage its target audience.
  4. Data Analytics and Artificial Intelligence (AI): Leveraging data analytics and AI can help Adidas make informed decisions about product development, marketing, and inventory management. The company can better understand consumer preferences, predict trends, and optimize product offerings using consumer data and insights.
  5. Wearable Technology: The integration of wearable technology in sportswear and footwear presents new opportunities for Adidas. The company can cater to the growing demand for connected and data-driven fitness solutions by incorporating sensors, GPS, and other smart features into its products.
  6. Sustainable Technologies: As environmental concerns become increasingly important to consumers, Adidas needs to invest in sustainable technologies and materials to reduce its environmental impact. This may include using recycled materials, developing eco-friendly manufacturing processes, and exploring innovative solutions for reducing waste and energy consumption.


  1. Sustainable Sourcing: Adidas sources raw materials from various regions globally, and it is essential for the company to ensure that these materials are sustainably and ethically sourced. This includes reducing hazardous chemicals, promoting fair labor practices, and supporting sustainable farming and forestry practices in its supply chain.
  2. Climate Change: Climate change presents both risks and opportunities for Adidas. The company must assess the potential impacts of climate change on its supply chain, manufacturing facilities, and distribution networks and develop strategies to mitigate these risks. Additionally, Adidas can capitalize on the growing demand for eco-friendly products by offering sustainable alternatives to traditional sportswear and footwear.
  3. Energy Consumption and Emissions: Adidas must monitor and reduce its energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions, including manufacturing facilities, distribution centers, and retail stores. Implementing energy-efficient technologies, using renewable energy sources, and investing in carbon offset projects can help the company achieve its environmental goals and comply with regulatory requirements.
  4. Waste Management and Recycling: Managing waste and promoting recycling are essential to Adidas’ environmental responsibility. The company can implement waste reduction strategies, such as using recycled materials in product manufacturing, implementing circular economy principles, and encouraging recycling initiatives among its customers and employees.
  5. Water Conservation: Water scarcity is a pressing global issue, and Adidas must consider its water usage in manufacturing and supply chain processes. By investing in water-efficient technologies and promoting responsible water management practices, the company can reduce its water footprint and contribute to global conservation efforts.
  6. Environmental Regulations: Adidas is subject to environmental laws and regulations in various countries. Compliance with these regulations is crucial to avoid legal penalties, maintain a positive brand image, and meet the expectations of environmentally conscious consumers.


  1. Labor Laws and Regulations: Adidas operates in numerous countries, each with its own labor laws and regulations governing minimum wage, working hours, workplace safety, and employee rights. The company must ensure compliance with these laws across its global operations, including manufacturing facilities, distribution centers, and retail stores, to avoid legal penalties and protect its reputation.
  2. Intellectual Property (IP) Rights: Protecting its IP rights, such as trademarks, patents, and designs, is crucial for Adidas to maintain its competitive advantage and safeguard its brand identity. The company must actively monitor and enforce its IP rights to prevent counterfeiting, infringement, and unauthorized use of its brand assets.
  3. International Trade Laws: As a multinational company, Adidas is subject to various international trade laws and regulations, including import/export restrictions, tariffs, and customs duties. Compliance with these laws is essential to ensure seamless global supply chain operations and avoid potential legal disputes or penalties.
  4. Consumer Protection Laws: Adidas must comply with consumer protection laws in its operating countries. These laws govern product safety, quality standards, and marketing practices, among other aspects. Ensuring compliance with these regulations helps maintain customer trust and avoid legal issues that could harm the brand’s reputation.
  5. Environmental and Sustainability Regulations: Adidas is subject to environmental laws and regulations that aim to protect the environment and promote sustainable practices. These may include regulations on waste management, emissions, water usage, and the use of hazardous substances in manufacturing processes. Compliance with these regulations is a legal requirement and an essential aspect of the company’s CSR commitments.
  6. Privacy and Data Protection Laws: As a global brand, Adidas collects, processes, and stores vast amounts of customer data. The company must adhere to privacy and data protection laws, such as the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), to ensure the responsible handling of customer data and prevent potential legal issues or reputational damage.